A Systematic Review Evaluating the Impact of Social Support and Social Participation on Senior Adult Quality of Life
Senior adults encounter physical and psychological changes as they get older. Supportive social networks and social involvement among senior citizens are critical factors to enhance their quality of life (QOL).
This review aims to explore the ways in which social support and social involvement are essential factors for improving the QOL among adults aged 60 years and older.
A systematic review of ten articles published between January 2005 and January 2015 using Cochrane, PubMed, and Psyc-INFO databases was conducted. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied for studies selection.
Synthesis and Summary of Findings
Senior adults lived with a spouse and family members and being socially active were significantly associated with increased QOL. Factors such as more social support, higher level of education, continuous involvement in social activities, and having a supportive social network with family members or friends promote the QOL among senior adults.
Social support and participation positively affect senior adults’ QOL. However, the relationship between the social factors and QOL in this population requires further investigation regarding specific meaning and determinants of quality of life to aid decision making of policy maker and other stakeholders.