Dr Yusra Tus Saleha Siddiqui*, Dr Khurram Parvez, Dr Rida Askari, Dr Kamran Parvez, Dr Noor ul Ain, Dr Sundas Qazi
The main purpose of this study is to determine the mean ages and standard deviation of eruption times for permanent dentition among Sudanese children and to compare it with other population groups. Methodology : Descriptive cross sectional study school-based, basic schools in Khartoum state,study sample was 616 individuals. Conclusion: from the result of the present study it could be concluded that parallel to earlier reports on different ethnic groups, the results of this study indicate that the permanent teeth of Sudanese children in Khartoum state erupt earlier in girls than in boys. The difference range from four months to one year.In this study the permanent teeth of Sudanese children in Khartoum state clearly emerge later than Africans by about 18 months. Caucasian precedes Sudanese in eruption time of anterior teeth only by 12 to 18 months with exception of these anterior teeth the time of eruption is almost same.
Objective: Research plays a vital role in advancing knowledge therefore it is considered to have a positive impact on Medical and Dental Students. This Survey based study was aimed to assess the Concept of research among Dental students and Recent graduates in Karachi. The participants were evaluated quantitively in accordance with their Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards conducting research. Methodology: A cross sectional, Questionnaire based study was conducted on Dental students and House officers of Dr Ishrat-Ul-Ebad Khan Institute of Oral Health Sciences- Dow University Of Health Sciences (DIEKIOHS-DUHS), Karachi- Pakistan. A self-constructed Questionnaire comprising of 20 questions was distributed among a total of 300 participants that incorporated 3rd year, 4th year and House officers of our Dental College. This Questionnaire stressed on to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice of these participants. A descriptive statistics and frequency analysis were carried out on the gathered data using SPSS. Chi-square test was also applied in this study. Moreover, One-Way ANOVA test was used to analyse the relation between the Age and the Status. A P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The Response Rate of this study was 100%, reflecting the positive attitude of students towards research. The outcome of the participants according to their status included 3rd year (N=130,43.3%), 4th year (N=70,23.3%) and House Officers (N=100,33.3%). There was gender inequality as majority of the participants were females (n=215). A systematic review of the knowledge and attitude of the participants of DIEKIOHS-DUHS reveal that 83.8% of the students had a positive attitude, whereas only 33.9% of the students submitted right answers for Questions concerning knowledge regarding research. Subsequently, it is concluded that students of DIEKIOHS are inclined to alter the current trends in the future. Conclusion: A Moderate level of knowledge and a decent practice approach of the students were prevailed from this study. However, they possessed a remarkable attitude towards conducting research. It can be highlighted that if major barriers (topic selection, literature search and academic overload) in conducting research subside, students of DIEKIOHS would be prone to conduct further researches in their future.
Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate root canal morphology of mandibular anterior teeth using cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT) in Saudi subpopulation. Materials and methods: A total of 298 patients who had examined with CBCT. Including 1,788 mandibular anterior teeth. The examinations were done by using CBCT are number of roots, number of root canals and canal configuration according to Vertucci’s classification. Result: Among demographic variables, there were 120 males and 178 female, with maximum of age 68 and minimum of age 12. All the incisors show single root. Type I was the most significant type among the examined teeth (86.9%, n=1554). The prevalence of two root canals in lateral incisors (20.3%, n=121) found to be higher than central incisor (16.8% n=100). The major pattern of two root canals system was type II in mandibular incisor (74.9%, n=143), the incidence of other types (III, IV, V and VI) was (37.2%, n=111). According to the result, the presence of two roots in mandibular canines was (0.9%, n=3). Type I pattern was highly prevalent (97.85%, n=583) and two root canals system (2.2%, n=13) Conclusion: Two root canals in mandibular anterior teeth have been found in current study with percentage of (13.1%), and type II was the most predominant type in two root canals types.
Background: This prospective study describes patients’ perceptions on changes in the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) following intra-alveolar exodontia. Methods: 204 patients who required intra-alveolar exodontia under local anaesthesia, and whose baseline Quality of Life (QoL) were considered unaffected (total score ≤14) by indication for tooth extraction were included in the study. Respondents completed a modified “health related QoL”(OHIP-14) questionnaire by the POD3. Result: 53.4% of subjects were aged 18-44 years, and 56.9% of them were females. Apical periodontitis was the indication for 39.2% of extractions, 69% of subjects reported a deterioration in Qol, though, the majority were mild (52%), 14.2% were reported as “quite a lot affected” and only a 2% were reported as “very much affected”. The combined percentage of subjects affected mildly, moderately and severely was 81.4% for difficulty with chewing; 76.9% for altered ability to swallow; 82% experienced changes in diet variation. Enjoyment of food was altered in 79.4%; 87.2% of subjects had difficulty in speaking / voice alteration; tasting of food was affected in 75%, and only 41.4% expressed challenge with ability to be understood. Only a range of 19.2 to 31% of these subjects were affected significantly (moderate to severe). Only 3.6% reported changes in physical appearance due to swelling. Sleep and duty impairment were rarely encountered (9.3% had interrupted sleep and 11.4% had problem falling asleep). 20.7% of the respondents were not able to perform their duties at work while 20% of them lost 1-3 days at work and 22.9% did not keep up with social activities. Conclusion: A guide to answering patients’ enquiries around expectations following intra alveolar extractions is provided. Chewing and eating are most likely to be affected by intra alveolar extraction, Speech, sleep and social activities are least affected. 2 in 10 patients may need one to 3 days off work. A prospective study designed to identify the specific risk factors contributing to the deterioration in each domain of subjects’ Qol on a larger sample size is desirable.
Biocore Publishing Group
All Published work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.